Appellation - A Geographically delineated wine region

AOC- Appellation d’origine Controlee, as specified under French law.

Chateau - Generally a winery in Bordeaux, the term can be used for wineries in other parts of the world, such as the Barossa valley.

Cru Classe - A French term for an officially classified vineyard or winery.

Cuvee - French term, meaning vat or tank. On wine labels it is used to denote wine of a specific blend or batch.

Decanting - The process of pouring wine from its bottle into a decanter to separate the sediment from the wine.

DOC - Denominazione D’Origine Controllata, or controlled place name. This is Italy’s designation for wine whose name, origin of grapes, grape varieties and other important factors are regulated by law. It is also the abbreviation for Portugal’s highest wine category.

DOCG -  Denominazione D’Origine Controllata E Garantita. This is the highest ranked category in Italy.

Duty Paid - Wines that have had the applicable excise duty paid.

En primeur - Commonly associated with Bordeaux wine where the previous years harvest is available for contract sales some time before the wine will be bottled and released.

Fine wine - The best wine from around the world.

Grand cru - French term for ‘great growth’ or ‘Vineyard’. In Burgundy, the term is regulated to a defined list of grand cru vineyards.

In bond - Wines that had the applicable excise duty paid on them and are held in tax free warehouses.

New world wine - Wine produced outside of the traditional wine growing areas.

Noble rot - A fungal virus that results in dehydrated and shrivelled grapes that are high in concentrated sugar. Noble rot grapes are an essential component of many Austrian and German wines.

Old world wine - Wine produced inside the traditional growing areas of Europe and North Africa.

Premier cru - A term for a first growth. Used in conjunction with wines of Burgundy and Champagne.

Reserve - A term given to wine to indicate that it is of higher quality than usual.

Tafelwein - German term for table wine.

Vin de table - French term for table wine.

Vintage - A vintage wine is made from grapes that were grown in one harvest.

Yield - A measure of the amount of grapes or wine produced per unit surface of vineyard.